Early Menopause Risk in Women
Heart disease in women is the leading cause of death in women after menopause.
The study has found that women who underwent early menopause were about twice as likely to eventually have coronary artery disease and stroke.
Estrogen (hormones that are important for sexual and reproductive development, mainly in women) levels generally decline during menopause. And this estrogen helps to combat the build up of unhealthy cholesterol and have a positive effect on the inner layer of artery wall, helping to keep blood vessels flexible allowing them to relax and expand to accommodate blood flow.
The Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Premature Menopause Problem in Women
Menopause typically occurs at about age 50, but can begin between ages 41 and 45 (early menopause) or at or around age 40 (premature menopause). Early and premature menopause can occur naturally or be caused by surgical removal of the ovaries.
According to the study, women with premature menopause were 40 percent more likely to do poorly on verbal and visual memory tests. They also had a 35 percent higher risk of decline in psychomotor speed (coordination between the brain and the muscles that brings about movement) and overall mental function.
This study adds to the existing evidence base to suggest premature menopause can have a significant impact on cognitive function in later life, which healthcare professionals must be aware of.