Today, we shall look at painful menstrual disorders with irregular or excessive bleeding. To understand these disorders, we must first understand the normal menstrual cycle. You may be surprised to know that this cycle starts, not in the uterus (the womb) or the ovary where eggs are produced.
It starts in the brain. Wonder why? It is ultimately the brain that controls various body systems including the female genital organs. At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the brain releases some chemicals known as hormones. One of them is known as ‘follicle stimulating hormone’. This hormone stimulates the ovary which prepares one egg for release.
After a few days, the brain releases another hormone called ‘luteinising hormone’ which releases the egg from the ovary. The egg is then captured by a tube called fallopian tube and taken to the uterus or womb, where it is fertilized by the sperm if it is there. The fertilized egg becomes the embryo out of which a new baby is produced. If there is no fertilization, the egg is thrown away and a new cycle starts.
In this process, the inner lining of the womb prepares itself to receive the embryo if it is formed and houses it for the whole length of pregnancy. If there is no embryo, the inner lining of the womb is shed or thrown away in the form of menstruation.
A hormone known as prostaglandin triggers muscle contractions in your uterus that expel the lining. Painful menstruation or menstrual cramps occur when the uterus contracts too strongly. These contractions can cause pain and inflammation. It can occur in normal cycles in young women with a tendency to go into spasms. It can also occur if the hormones don’t work properly together and as a result, the uterus goes into spasms.
Painful menstrual periods can also be the result of an underlying medical condition, such as:
- Premenstrual syndrome – It is caused by hormonal changes in the body 1 to 2 weeks before menstruation begins. Symptoms typically go away after bleeding begins.
- Endometriosis – This is a painful medical condition. The cells from the lining of the uterus grow in other parts of the body, like fallopian tubes, ovaries, or tissue lining the pelvis.
- Fibroids in the uterus – Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that can put pressure on the uterus. Hence it can cause abnormal menstruation and pain.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease – It is an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. It is often caused by sexually transmitted bacteria that cause inflammation of the reproductive organs and pain.
- Adenomyosis – In adenomyosis the uterine lining grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. It causes inflammation, pressure, and pain. It can also cause longer or heavier periods.
- Cervical stenosis – Cervical stenosis is a condition in which the cervix is so small or narrow that it slows menstrual flow It leads to an increase of pressure inside the uterus that causes pain.
In order to treat menstrual disorders or problems, one must treat the hormonal imbalances first. In allopathy, synthetic hormones are administered to counter the hormonal disturbances. These as medicine for period pain may or may not work properly. They also have plenty of side effects.
In Ayurveda, naturally occurring herbs are administered by experts which restore the normal balance between hormones. This is a preferred method of treating menstrual irregularities. Herbs like Shatavari, Dashmool, lodhra work towards period pain relief.
Charak’s M2 TONE is a tailor-made ayurvedic formula to take care of the menstrual irregularities. It helps to bring back the hormonal balance. M2 TONE is useful as medicine for period pain to reduce pain and inflammation associated with periods. M2TONE has the advantage that it does not contain synthetic hormones. So there is no worry about side effects caused by them.
M2 TONE is composed of the best herbs like ashoka, nagkesar, shatavari etc that have stood the test of time over centuries and millennia for period pain relief and irregular menstrual cycle treatment. They are carefully chosen and blended into our formulation in the most scientific manner possible.