Most women have tenderness in breasts, bloating, and muscle pain a couple of days before they begin their menstrual periods. These are ordinary premenstrual symptoms. But when they upset your everyday life, they are called premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS can influence your body, your state of mind, and your behavior in the days prior to your menstrual period.
A few women get PMS in their 20s. Others may not get it until their 30s. The symptoms may be more prominent or severe in your 40s.
What causes PMS?
PMS is linked with the hormonal changes that occur during your menstrual cycle. It is not completely known why premenstrual symptoms are more severe in a few women than in others. For some women, PMS is hereditary.
Other causes are:
- Deficiency of vitamin B6, calcium, or magnesium in your diet.
- Increased amounts of stress
- No exercise or absence of physical activity
- Increased intake of caffeine
All these can exacerbate your symptoms.
What are premenstrual syndrome symptoms?
- Tenderness in breasts
- Low energy levels
- Muscle pain
- Lower back ache
- There may be a feeling of sadness (thoughts of suicide also in some severe cases).
- There may be difficulty concentrating on tasks.
- Loss of interest in socializing with family and friends.
These symptoms may be mild or severe and differ from month to month and varies from person to person.
How is the diagnosis made?
Doctor will perform a physical examination. Similar symptoms can also be caused by other diseases like thyroid, so it is necessary to distinguish the reason behind your symptoms.
You can maintain a dairy to keep a track of all premenstrual syndrome symptoms. Note down all your symptoms for a period of 2-3 months. This dairy can be utilized by doctors to determine the onset, duration and severity of symptoms. This can be a helpful tool in diagnosing PMS.
How it is treated?
Certain lifestyle modifications will help you in getting relief from the PMS symptoms.
- Exercise well
- Limit caffeine intake
- Healthy balanced diet- combination of fruits and vegetables
- Eat small frequent meals, this will help in reducing the felling of fullness and bloating.
- Reduce stress- get enough sleep. Try yoga for relaxation.
Your doctor may prescribe you some medications depending on your symptoms. Certain medications commonly prescribed are:
- Birth control pills
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Although these medications can provide some temporary relief in symptoms, they cannot cure PMS.
Apart from the conventional treatment, you can try herbal supplements for PMS.
Cyclease Nutra – a one stop herbal supplement for PMS complains. Cyclease Nutra, designed by Charak Pharma, is a unique synergistic combination of phytonutrients and essential micronutrients beneficial for treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). Some of the key ingredients are: Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Kumari (Aloe barbadensis), Shunthi (Zingiber officinale), iron, calcium, folic acid, vitamin B12 etc. Cyclease Nutra acts as antiinflammatory, pain-reliever and also provides restorative and emotional support. Overall, Cyclease Nutra eases the discomfort in PMS, prevents painful menstruation and reduces the physical and psychological symptoms of PMS.