Pain located in the neck is a common medical condition. Neck pain can result from a number of disorders and diseases of tissues in the neck. Examples of common conditions causing neck pain are degenerative disc disease, neck strain, neck injury such as in whiplash, a herniated disc, or a pinched nerve. Neck pain can also be caused by common infections, such as viral infection of the throat (along with lymph gland swelling).
Rare infections, such as tuberculosis of the neck and bone infection of the spine in the neck (osteomyelitis and septic discitis), and meningitis (often accompanied by neck stiffness) may also result in cervical pain.
Conditions directly affecting the muscles of the neck, such as fibromyalgia and polymyalgia rheumatic are also known causes of neck pain.