Every human being is composed of unique proportion of the five elements (Panchmahabutas) namely earth (prithvi), water (jala), fire (tejas), air (vaayu), and space (akasha). They govern same properties in our body as in nature. These five elements integrate to form three dynamic forces, the biological humors or Tridosha, namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
Vata, Pitta and Kapha are the three doshas which govern all our human characteristics, activities and patterns of health and illness. Vata dosha, woven from the elements of Space and Air, regulates movement and change in our minds and bodies. Pitta dosha, comprised of Fire and Water, governs digestion and metabolism. Kapha dosha, made from Earth and Water, maintains and protects the integrity and structure of our mind and body. The doshas determine certain qualities or attributes of our body. One can remain healthy as long as these doshas are in a state of equilibrium in the body. Once aggravated or diminished can lead to disease conditions. How you feel inside depends on how these doshas work within your system.
According to Ayurveda, every individual is born with a unique combination of doshas termed as PRAKRITI (body’s physical constitution) that is determined at the moment of conception and influenced by seasonal variations and several other internal and external factors. We are all different; everyone has their unique inherent strength and weakness. If you know yours and know how your constitution causes them, you can adjust for them and make your life happier and healthier.
Vata people are quick, to learn, to forget, to become enthused. They walk, talk, and change their minds and moods quickly. Their normal body functions also tend to change quickly. Their energy levels are very high. Vata people often have trouble making decisions; suffer from gas, constipation, and cold extremities. Their body is dry and often rough. They have imaginative minds and irregular habits. It’s the most difficult constitution to keep healthy.
Pitta people are efficient, precise and orderly. They hate hot climate, prefer cooling food. Their skin tends to be warm and soft with freckles, pimples, rashes and wrinkles. Their hair grays early and they also suffer from hairfall. These people get easily irritated and are impatient.
Kapha people like slow and relaxed life. The qualities of Kapha are slow, steady, heavy, oily, and cold. When Kapha is in balance, Kapha people are caring, nurturing and grounded. Their stamina is superior to the other types. Their body tissues are firm, well-nourished and healthy. When out of balance, they are needy, lazy, feel heavy in body and mind and tend to gain weight easily and lose it with difficulty.